What are MEMS?
 Microelectromechanical Systems
 Micro: sizes ranging from nm to mm
 Electro: signal/ control (sense,compute, etc.)
 Mechanical: structure/functioning(actuate, etc.)
 System: integration, communicate,control

Constraints of Bio MEMS
 Material requirements
 Biocompatibility
 Mechanical compatibility
 Chemical resistance
 Polymer MEMS
 Advantage
 Biocompatible and biodegradable
 Better mechanical shock tolerance
 Low cost
 Disadvantage
 Mechanical properties change dramatically over a narrow temperature
range (low glass transition temperature and melting point)
 Gas/moisture permeable, will need hermetic packaging




Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma - which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.

Steve Jobs

A Bio Machines uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action. Machines  can be driven by animals and people, by natural forces such as wind and water, and by chemical, thermal, or electrical power, and include a system of mechanisms.

“Engineering has a need to improve its reputation and sessions like the Raspberry Pi challenge are helping to show that engineering can be creative and intellectually rewarding.”

Much has been written and discussed about the merging of the physical, digital and biological worlds with machines. Artificial intelligence has become a catch-all description for replicating something inherently human and embedding it in man-made systems that can perhaps function better, if not at least more efficiently, than our bodies and brains